تضحية الامام الحسين ع وكونه الذبح العظيم المذكور في القرآن الكريم
Imam Al-Husain and his Sacrifice
It has been suggested that the sacrifice of Abraham of his son, which is detailed in the Genesis as well as in the Holy Qur'an, has been substituted by the sacrifice of a really great substitution, ie, a very important person. But first, let's have the story as it is detailed in the Genesis(22):
The Holy Prophet Abraham dreamt that God ordered him to sacrifice his son (according to some commentators, it was Ishmael, for others, it was Isaac). But in the beginning, Abraham thought it was a sort of fantasy. The dream was repeated again, therefore, he asked the boy's mother to prepare her son for a journey for a friend's place. He also asked her to provide him with rope and a knife that he might need to offer some sacrifice. Satan appeared to Abraham three times to delude him by preaching against the offering. Then the Devil tried to mislead the boy against his consent, but the boy did not surrender to the Devil's advice.
Abraham folded his own eyes so as not to see the slaughter of his only son. After having carried out the action, he unfolded his eyes, and to his surprise, he saw his son standing beside him and a ram lay slain instead.
And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and
looked, and behold behind him a ram caught
in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went
and took the ram, and offered him up for
a burnt offering in the stead of his son.
In the Holy Qur'an (As-saffat: 107), the story goes on in the same lines, and ends as follows:
"And We ransomed him with a Great Sacrifice."
Many exegetes have pointed out that the word(Great) expresses "what God the Greatest Being Himself terms as Great and must naturally be something Great in an absolute or in an extraordinary degree"(Mir Ahmed Ali, 1988: 1351). In this sense, the "Great Sacrifice" must be a really great person.
According to Mir Ahmed Ali(ibid), first, the sheep cannot be sensibly termed as great. Secondly, it is illogical and degrading Ishmael, the godly son of the great apostle of God, to compare him to a sheep and term it as great. A ransom for such a great person should be of a greater value, otherwise, it would be neither just nor reasonable. The great promised sacrifice, therefore, was by Muhammad, the seed of Abraham, through his son Al-Husain in Kerbala on the bank of the Euphrates. The fulfilment of this divine plan has been proved by the prophesies of the Holy Prophet Muhammad.
Prophet Muhammad (May God bless him and his household) told his grandson Imam Husain, the third imam of the Shiites, when he dreamt of him in his shrine, to go to Iraq; the dream was itself imperative "O Husain get forth toward Iraq - God hath willed to see thee a martyr."
According to Al-Faidh Al-Kashani(1994: 279), the (Great Sacrifice) is represented by the sacrifice of Imam Husain. In this sense, God asked Abraham whether he would grieve more for the death of his son or for the merciless slaughter of Muhammad's son, i.e., Imam Al-Husain. The reply was that it was the slaughter of "Muhammad's son" that would be more grieving to his heart.
This is also supported by the Old Testament (Jeremia 46:10):
For this is the day of the Lord God of hosts,
a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him
of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour,
and it shall be satiate and made drunk with
their blood: for the Lord God of hosts hath
a sacrifice in the north country by the river
Dr Hameed Hassoon Al-Mas'udi
أ د.حميد حسون بجية